Loss of aircraft and sea search and rescue

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October 10, 2014, Malaysia Airlines MH370 interim report on the Australian Transport Safety Bureau released confirmation, flight MH370 may run out of fuel because of low speed crashed into the sea after the final circling above the Indian Ocean. After the news was confirmed, the seven countries jointly launched search and rescue operations, including China, Malaysia, Indonesia, the United States, Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines. Malaysia dispatched naval air force to participate in search and rescue.

Loss of aircraft is completely different from urban disasters (earthquakes). (Urban disasters are larger than a certain number of levels. At first sight, they are ruins. How to accurately locate the victims is a difficult point.)

In the history of the missing plane substantially relatively reliable way to determine an approximate position (sensor, and the last contact location, route) and determines the waters may also generally rely on signals transmitted two narrow black box position again.

Sea search and rescue is divided into:

1 : Sea search and rescue with a clear location.

2 : Sea search and rescue without a clear location.

MH370 is a sea surface search without a clear location.

Sea surface search and rescue with no clear location is more competitive than urban search and rescue (such as earthquakes). The first is to confirm that "airplane lost contact" is after a set of ' rigorous ' verification, at least it takes more than 10 minutes.

After the accident is determined, the scope of the accident can only be roughly estimated, and the wind direction and the current flow will increase the difficulty of searching.

This time the MH370 was awkward and the black box and sensor signal failed. The most effective search method for this situation relies on Air Force search. Although the Air Force’s main search target is human, the wreckage is more likely to be discovered, which can determine the approximate area and inform the search and rescue fleet to gradually narrow down the search area.

At the same time, because the missing area is too large, it has not been effectively reduced. As time goes on, the difficulty of search will increase geometrically, and it will be necessary to reverse the wave and reverse the wind direction.

Air Force search method:

1 : Determine a region and use the O -type flight with the center point of the region to continuously expand the search area;

2 : Determine an area, determine a search starting point, search in L -mode.

(Diving accidents or ST salvage are also based on these two search methods, relying on compasses or markers.)

Although these countries in Asia have contingency plans for sea search and rescue, the sea search and rescue measures without a clear regional orientation rely on the search and rescue personnel to play on the spot. No country will conduct such large-scale accidents without clear regional positioning.

If the missing area can be determined within a certain range, search and rescue dogs at sea are another optimal solution, especially in the relatively dark currents. Including mention of sea rescue dogs, there are two types that I am familiar with. One is called Water Rescue Dog . It is mostly used for search and rescue of missing persons in coastal or urban areas. There is also a marine search and rescue dog that searches human odors at the bow and effectively covers a radius of up to 1 km. Even if there are only tiny human odors on the earrings, these countries in Asia are relatively lacking such search and rescue dogs and mature training. technology. There are also working dogs for underwater use. ST fishing dogs can actually help search.

In addition, there are special types of search and rescue helicopters at sea, but with this type of rapid emergency response, a transport aircraft such as the C130 will be deployed (the search and rescue machine sent by Singapore is the C130 for the first time , and another one is dispatched after 2 hours).

The return to nature's life is always human eternal yearning, drawing from the natural elements of decoration, but also become a decorating the decorative design of the main line. Stone, from the common marble, granite, to rich texture, different styles of faux slate tile, sandstone, volcanic rock, and then to the precious rare jade, ceramic tile never stopped imitating this natural material.
Despite the rise of imitation wood tiles and modern ceramic tile design in recent years, the high-end ceramic tile market still does not slacken its internal strength toward the most basic faux stone tile. Fire blazing firing process coupled with advanced inkjet technology, so that artificial tiles can also have a natural stone gods.
1, jade delicate warm, get rid of the cold feeling of the tile
Imitation jade ceramic tile, imitation stone pattern tile as a special category, in recent years has been highly favored by the high-end market. Crystal jade transparent, warm and delicate texture, get rid of the cold tiles, abrupt feeling, bring a new feeling for the home. A symbol of luxury, culture, craft jade is patterned into tiles texture, to the space to bring luxury, distinguished aura. Especially in the bathroom, living room and other space to be large-scale use.
The latest imitation jade ceramic tile is not satisfied with the original jade texture imitation, more joined the creative design elements, so that ordinary building materials a little more humanistic taste of taste. For example, Italy REX Reese's latest Han Niu series, in addition to suet white, blue white, topaz, ink jade and other different colors of jade texture-based, but also with reference to unpredictable nature of the situation, the surging scenery, Tiles on the wave of ups and downs. Advanced inkjet technology, jade soul full of vitality, as if to tile as a canvas, swaying a abstract light and shadow abstract landscape painting, the viewer also seems to be standing in the front of the stormy waves, mood with ups and downs.
Extraordinary stone series from the European high-end ceramic tile brand CARMEN are also inspired by jade. Similarly, to create "nature" seems to be very attractive to designers, the series is also unwilling to re-design on the basis of jade. Different from Hanyuyu, this product is deeply influenced by the modern simple design. With smooth satin lines, it shows a more sense of line and a jagged gem texture, giving the space a stylish and beautiful atmosphere.
2, rare stone,
In modern simplicity to highlight the texture
For the imitation of stone tiles, close to the real vivid colors, restore the original texture of nature, is the most extreme pursuit of product technology. Especially for some rare stone, because it is difficult to obtain, stone imitation function is also more prominent.
In addition to the common marble, granite and other stone, designers are always trying hard to human beings can see the rich gorgeous rock stone for home decoration. As a result, we saw a variety of rich texture, different styles of various Faux Slate Porcelain Tile, sandstone, volcanic rocks and other rare stone. For example, Rift's Caracalta series, drawn from the Carrara Mountains, one of the top 4 peaks in Italy, shares the same origin with Michelangelo's famous statue, David. Full of white represents the eternal beauty, and low-key stone show noble artistic atmosphere. Titan tiles from excellent homes pay more attention to the expressiveness of man-made materials such as tiles. This series of products choose to cover up page patterns with high-pitched tones, rich and delicate stone patterns form a bustling world and give a primitive eco-friendly sense.
In the traditional Italian luxury style, rich and rare stone and carved exquisite, ornate Italian furniture complement each other, rich visual impact highlights the noble sense of quality. The current pattern chic imitation stone pattern tiles, more modern and minimalist, minimalist style. Simple room decoration, low-key furniture options, the overall plain more impressed the beauty of the stone, so that the overall texture of the space more prominent. Through the extension of the design ideas, but also be better Faux Stone Tiles Wall decorative effect of the most vividly.
Unique parquet, personalized retro, bringing human connotation
Although imitation stone pattern is the classic ceramic tile design line, but designers are always changing ways, so that this basic design glow new vitality, imitation jade tile redesign, is a good example.
The designer's whimsy is always beyond your imagination, a variety of design techniques can be used to bring imitation stone tiles more humanistic content. For example, Reith's "European Impression" product, inspired by the mottled traces of old European streets. Gray stone brick to create a rich historical feeling, bringing nostalgia, retro culture. This tile is not only patterned on the street stone, but also uniquely created a "beggar edge" design, that is, irregular ceramic tile edge, more highlights the retro, old flavor, instantly enhance the space artistic temperament, let People feel like being in the pristine European streets, enjoying the leisurely aftertaste of the history.
Tile paving, parquet way is an important element of creative design. For example, the above-mentioned Hennessey series, at the ceramic exhibition in Bologna, Italy, pioneered the "diamond pattern", imitation of the diamond heart and arrow cutting, reproduction of a rather artistic effect of the extraordinary design, so that the beauty of ceramic tiles to be further sublimation .

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