"Inadequate monitoring of hidden facilities such as underground pipelines and supervision of dead corners in the field facilities are hidden dangers that may lead to accidents in petroleum and petrochemical enterprises." Li Jiamin, deputy of the National People's Congress and general manager of PetroChina Lanzhou Petrochemical Company, suggested in an interview that it should be as soon as possible. Establish a national-level geographic information system for petroleum and petrochemical enterprises, implement real-time monitoring of the enterprise environment, prevent security breaches, and prevent accidents.
Li Jiamin believes that the current situation of safety and environmental protection and management of the entire industry is not satisfactory. The concentrated performance is: mixed production areas in the production area, unclear industrial and civil boundaries, ineffective monitoring of hidden facilities such as underground pipelines, and supervision of a large number of wild facilities. "These potential hidden dangers lead to endless safety incidents."
Li Jiamin suggested that relying on modern geographic information, surveying and mapping and network technology, all kinds of information and hidden dangers and risks of various production equipment and facilities within the petrochemical enterprises, land, population, houses, roads and municipal pipelines in the surrounding residential areas. The site conducts census and surveying of the net, completes the internal and external facilities of the petroleum and petrochemical enterprises, environmental census and data collection, and establishes a geographic information database for the internal and surrounding environment of the petroleum and petrochemical enterprises through video surveillance and sensing equipment, so as to digitize the internal and surrounding environment of the enterprise.
"With the help of GIS, real-time monitoring, visualization methods and spatial analysis technologies can achieve effective early warning of oil and petrochemical enterprises on hidden dangers within and outside the region, and timely intervene in violations of illegal construction and illegal encroachment in relevant areas. Provide reliable data to assist decision-making in accident emergency rescue," Li said.
On this basis, gradually improve the corresponding enterprise-related linkage management and protection mechanism, from enterprises to the government, from the local to the national, gradually realize the network connection, build the national petroleum and petrochemical enterprise geographic information system, truly achieve the source prevention and emergency treatment of security accidents. Simple and reliable.( Wang Yu, Wang Bo )
Titanium Grade 1-4 is pure Titanium, the other grades are alloys. Pure Titanium is used due to it's high corrosion resistance, the alloys because of the extremely high strength to weight ratio.
Â· Grade 1 Pure Titanium, relatively low strength and high ducility. Plate heat exchangers
Â· Grade 2 The pure titanium most used. The best combination of strength, ducility and weldability. Piping systems.
Â· Grade 3 High strength Titanium, used for Matrix-plates in shell and tube heat exchangers.
Â· Grade 5 The most manufactured titanium alloy. Exceedingly high strength. High heat resistance. Aerospace, subsea.
Â· Grade 7 Superior corrosion resistance in reducing and oxiding enviroments. Chemical Industry.
Â· Grade 9 Very high strength and corrosion resistance. Hydraulic piping, subsea.
Â· Grade 11 Applications as for gr 7. Suitable for deep drawing.
Â· Grade 12 Better heat resistance than pure Titanium. Applications as for grade 7 and 11. Shell and tube heat exchangers.
Titanium Parts,Pure Titanium Crucible,Pure Titanium Screw,Pure Titanium Springs
Baoji Shengyuan Metal Material Co., Ltd. , https://www.baojisymetal.com